Om imamer, meningsmålinger, revolutioner, demokrati og mere:
Toward a Nonviolent, Pluralistic Middle East
September 11: A Decade Later
by Amitai Etzioni – Fall 2011
The 2001 attacks on the United States have intensified the debate that has existed since the dawn of Islam: How is the West to respond to the followers of Muhammad? Some—most famously Bernard Lewis and Samuel Huntington—held that the contest is between two rather monolithic civilizations that are bound to clash. In a 2007 award acceptance speech at the American Enterprise Institute, Lewis described a history of clashes between Islam and the West. He stated that at first Muslims sought to spread their nascent faith through conquest throughout the then-Christian world; then the Christians invaded the Muslim world (the Crusaders); then the Muslims pushed back into Europe (the Golden Age of Islam); then the West retaliated by colonizing the Muslim world; and now the Muslims are again rising against Christendom by terrorism and flooding Europe with immigrants. Huntington argued that “Islam’s borders are bloody, and so are its innards. The fundamental problem for the West is not Islamic fundamentalism. It is Islam, a different civilization whose people are convinced of the superiority of their culture and are obsessed with the inferiority of their power.” By contrast, President George W. Bush stated in the wake of the 9/11 attacks that “Islam is peace,” while British prime minister Tony Blair argued that the problem was not Islam but “extremists trying to hijack it for political purposes.”
Mere HER i Middle East Quarterly.