Everything You Think You Know About the Collapse of the Soviet Union is Wrong
By Leon Aron | July/August 2011 issue
Every revolution is a surprise. Still, the latest Russian Revolution must be counted among the greatest of surprises. In the years leading up to 1991, virtually no Western expert, scholar, official, or politician foresaw the impending collapse of the Soviet Union, and with it one-party dictatorship, the state-owned economy, and the Kremlin’s control over its domestic and Eastern European empires. Neither, with one exception, did Soviet dissidents nor, judging by their memoirs, future revolutionaries themselves. When Mikhail Gorbachev became general secretary of the Communist Party in March 1985, none of his contemporaries anticipated a revolutionary crisis. Although there were disagreements over the size and depth of the Soviet system’s problems, no one thought them to be life-threatening, at least not anytime soon.
Man sagde ellers, at russerne gav op overfor Vestens IT-revolution. At det især var udfordringen fra EDB, som det hed dengang. Det mangler i artiklen. Mere HER i Foreign Policy – kan også læses her hos AEI.
For the first time, Boris Yeltsin’s right-hand man tells the inside story of the coup that killed glasnost — and changed the world.
By Gennady Burbulis & Michele A. Berdy | July/August 2011
“That scum!” Boris Yeltsin fumed. “It’s a coup. We can’t let them get away with it.”
It was the morning of Aug. 19, 1991, and the Russian president was standing at the door of his dacha in Arkhangelskoe, a compound of small country houses outside Moscow where the top Russian government officials lived. I had raced over from my own house nearby, after a friend called from Moscow, frantic and nearly hysterical, insisting that I turn on the radio. There had been a coup; Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev had been removed from power.
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Foreign Policy har flere tema-artikler om Mikhail Gorbatjov og Rusland her.
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